Without Sikhs, the history of Punjab is not complete. They are part and the parcel of Punjabi culture, society, history, calendar, language, and festivals. Punjabi food is famous all over the world. Blood is the part and parcel of the body and Sikhs are part and parcel of Punjab’s history. Muslims have produced poets like Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah, and Mian Muhammad but Sikhs have preserved their poetry. Loved these Muslim poets. Sikh Muslim love started right from the emergence of Sikhism from the time of Baba Guru Nanak Sahib Ji and Mardana (Mardaa Na, meaning not going to be dead in Punjabi).

After the freedom and partition, only Punjab was divided. What came into Pakistan’s lap was the soul of Sikhs. The birthplace of Baba Ji, Shri Nankana Sahib. Sikhism originated here. This is the reason that I chose Nankana Sahib as the first Gurdwara which holds the most prominent position in the hearts and souls of Sikhs.

NANAKANA SAHIB (Gurdwara Janam Asthan Sahib Ji)

Old name of Nankana Sahib was Rai Bhoi Di Talwandi (town of Raaye Bhoi). Rai Bhoi was a Muslim and he liked Baba Ji very much. The first Guru of Khalsa or Sikhism Baba Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born here in 1469. Exactly 551 years ago. In commemoration of Baba Ji’s Birthday, the Government of Pakistan issued a special coin of rupees 550 in 2019.

Nankana Sahib is only 75 kilometers away from Lahore. For yatris from Wahga Border to Nankana Sahib it takes only 1.5-hour drive, it is 99km away from the border. Nankana Sahib used to be Tehsil of Sheikhupura. In 2005 government of Pakistan raised its status to a district. Now it has three tehsils of its own (Sangla Hill, Shah Kot, and Nankana Sahib).

Government of Pakistan has planned to build the world’s first Sikh University that will conduct research on the teachings and lives of all the Sikh Gurus. Imran Khan has laid the foundation stone on 28th October 2019.

Gurdwara Janam Asthan holds the most prime position in Sikhism. The second most important Gurdwara is Gurdwara Sahib Kartar Pur.


Baba Guru Nanak Ji died in the age of 70 in 1539, September 22 right on this spot. Baba Ji lived here for 18 years and preached his famous three pillars of Sikhism, Kirat Karo (earn an honest livelihood), Naam Japo (chant one God’s name), Vand Chakko (share with the creation of God).

The government of Pakistan has made a 42-acre complex. Imran Khan and Navjot Singh Sidhu inaugurated it on 9 November 2019. In the next phase government of Pakistan plans to build hotels, restaurants, shopping malls, and a museum all with international standards.

The Sikh pilgrimage is not complete without visiting this place. This is the second most sacred place after Nankana Sahib.


Hassan Abdal is a major ancient city in Attock District, Punjab. Guru Nanak and Bhai Mardana reached here in Baisakh in 1521 AD. There is an anecdote very famous about Wali Qandhari in this city that every Punjabi knows it by heart. It is useless to reiterate here.

It is believed by Sikhs and many others that Baba Ji stopped a sliding rock from the mountain with his bare hand. The stone is still there, and anyone can see that even in 2020. It has an indelible mark of hand (Panja) visible still today after almost 500 years.

Hasan Abdal is situated on the verge of the CPEC route. Major Chinese traffic will pass near this city. The government of Pakistan renovated the gurudwara. Waqf Board in Pakistan is the caretaker. The board has appointed Sikhs for the services and maintenance here.


This place is a shrine to the two prominent Sikh Gurus Guru Hargobind Singh and Gur Arjun Dev Ji. Yatrees from India visit this place. A withered tree has been placed inside the shrine. Sixth Guru had once sat under this tree.


This gurdwara is situated about fifty kilometers away from Lahore on Faisalabad (Lyallpur) railway line.

Guru Nanak was sent by his father with Rs 20 to this place to learn the know-how of business. Right on this place he saw some hungry sadhus and fed them with those rupees. Maharaja Ranjit Singh built a fort-like Gurdwara here in commemoration of the first Guru.


This gurudwara is situated inside old walled Lahore city near Delhi Gate. Sirianwala (goats’ head) Bazar, Kotwali Chowk. Guru Nanak came here in 1567 AD at the house of Duni Chand. Absolved him from superstitions and taught him that real virtue is not beheading animals rather it is feeding hungry fellow humans and making charities. Thus, Duni Chand became a disciple of Guru Nanak and he converted his house into a Guru Dawara Pehli Patshahi.


This Gur Dwara is located in Dera Chahal, near the Burki area in district Lahore. The village is about 30-35km from Lahore.

Baba Ji visited this place frequently because his nanhiyal (maternal grandparents) lived here. Baybay Nanki (elder sister of Baba Ji) was born here in 1524.

This place is now being renovated under Imran Khan’s order. The building was under very bad shape and had converted into a school. Sikh yatrees have started visiting this place now. It is expected that before the December of 2020 it will be renovated.


Sayin Mian Meer was born in Sindh in 1531 AD. He is well respected by Sikhs. Guru Arjun Dev asked him to lay the foundation of Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple). Mian Mir loved Gur Arjun Dev so much that after the demise of Guru Sahib by Mughals, Mian Mir refused to accept any gifts from both two simultaneous emperors. Shah Jehan, Jehangir, and their nobles. An annual Mela is held here. His shrine was renovated by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Hundreds of Sikh yatrees visit this place annually to pay homage to the loyal friend of their Guru.

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